Dental Poster Journal

Current Issue (Vol 9, NO. 1, Jan-June 2020 Issue)

21. POSTER

Shruthi Jayachandran, K. S. Prem Kumar

Ease the Wheeze

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1



Commentary:
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by the cessation of air flow during sleep due to an obstruction in the nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal region. Many episodes of apnea may take place within a span of minutes leading to arousal of the patient from his/her sleep in an attempt to increase the amount of air flow. Apart from inadequate hours of sleep, this also results in a deteriorated quality of sleep. Sleep apnea can be caused due to many factors and many treatment modalities have been employed to correct this disorder including mandibular advancement appliances1, polysomnographs, and surgical intervention. Best results, however, have been seen with the use of the mandibular advancement appliances. This poster highlights the role the orthodontist plays in the diagnosis and treatment planning of OSA patients.

Keywords: Sleep Apnea, Mandibular Advancement Appliances,

How to cite this article: Jayachandran S, Premkumar K S,- Ease the Wheeze, PosterJ 2020;

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.043

Conflict of interest: None declared


20. POSTER

Archana M, Sadaksharam Jayachandran

Application of Raman spectroscopy in forensic sciences – A review

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Forensic scientists use multidisciplinary techniques for analysis of evidence to establish or exclude an association between the suspect and the crime scene. Raman spectroscopy is a versatile technique for analysis and characterization of a wide range of forensic samples resolving most of limitations of other spectroscopic techniques. It is a vibrational technique involving high energy photons based on the inelastic scattering of radiation in the visible or near-infrared region of the sample1. Recent forensic studies have shown the importance of this technique as a valuable tool for analysis and characterization of biological fluids, teeth and bones and distinguishing of narcotic drugs2,3. The biological fluid traces recovered from crime scenes are one of the most important evidence for forensic dentists. This technique is very effective for analysis of dried up samples and identifies an unknown substance to be blood, saliva etc. with high confidence4. It also plays an important role in forensic anthropology and toxicology. The recent advent of handheld portable Raman spectrometers equipped with infrared laser (1064 nm) has allowed the on-scene identification of evidence material even from a distance of ten meters. Different forensic disciplines including forensic odontology will greatly benefit from this technique.

Keywords: Raman Spectroscopy, Forensic Science, Forensic Dentistry, Trace Evidence, Biological Fluids

How to cite this article: Archana M, Jayachandran S.- Application of Raman spectroscopy in forensic sciences – A review, PosterJ 2020; 9(1):20.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.042

Conflict of interest: None declared


19. POSTER

Pramod Raichure

Overview of COVID -19 pathogenesis

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Coronavirus is a known word since last two decades. ‘Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV)’ identified in 2003, and first infected humans in the Guangdong (southern China) in 20021. The name ‘coronavirus’ comes from its appearance and is derived from the Latin word as ‘corona’, meaning is ‘crown’. The novel coronavirus named as ‘SARS-CoV-2’ because it seems like ‘SARS-CoV’ that found in 2002. World Health Organization (WHO) renamed the disease as COVID-192.

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, Spike Proteins, Glycoprotein, Angiotensin-converting Enzyme 2, Pneumonia, Coronavirus.

How to cite this article: Raichure P.- Overview of COVID -19 pathogenesis, PosterJ 2020; 9(1):19.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.041

Conflict of interest: None declared


18. POSTER

Srishti Pandey, Meenal Gulve, Swapnil Kolhe, Gayatri Aher

CBCT in Endodontics

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Radiography in dentistry helps to visualize structures that are unseen with naked eye. Various advancements have been made in the field of radiography; one such development is Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT)1. Introduction of CBCT in endodontics have made transition from 2-dimensional to a 3-dimensional approach in image acquisition. It helps clinician to view slices of data in volumetric plane2. It is used in evaluation and management of complex endodontic conditions like vertical root fracture, understand aberrant root and canal anatomy. It helps to determine horizontal root fractures, the degree and displacement related to luxation injuries. Bony defects can be demonstrated separately3. Presence of undiagnosed lesion and healing of periapical lesion can be determined better with CBCT as compared to conventional radiography4.

Keywords: Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Diagnosis, Endodontics, Imaging

How to cite this article: Pandey S, Gulve M, Kolhe S, Aher G.- CBCT in Endodontics, PosterJ 2020; 9(1):18.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.040

Conflict of interest: None declared


17. POSTER

Reena Rani, Sanjay Chachra, Kumar Shrikant

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)- It is to better to build a child, than to repair an adult…!!!!

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is chronic and pervasive disorder of childhood that includes combination of impulsivity and inability to sustain attention and concentration . Clinically children with ADHD generally have disorganization, poor time management skills, low tolerance to frustration, poor communication skill with parents as well as peer2. Children suffering with ADHD also have a higher mood swings activities which results in impatience and sudden outburst of anger, therefore if persisted until adulthood, require treatment3. So this poster is an attempt to summarize the diagnosis and management of a child with ADHD.

Keywords: ADHD ; Childhood, Mood swings, Disorder

How to cite this article: Rani R, Chachra S, Shrikant K.- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)- It is to better to build a child, than to repair an adult…!!!!, PosterJ 2020; 9(1):17.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.039

Conflict of interest: None declared


16. POSTER

Reena Rani, Kumar Shrikant

Does Mumma know everything ? Must know oral hygiene facts for every mother

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Pregnancy is a physiological condition of body which is evidenced by several transient periods resulting in changes in various physical events affecting patients overall health1. It includes increase in diet ,frequent consumption of various snacks items between meals. Good oral health during this period is the major concern2. Therefore it is required to maintain the oral health conditions during the perinatal period by educating mother and inculcating the understanding that delay in any required treatment can affect the mother and indirectly the fetus. So that she can play a significant role in prevention of child's bad oral habits, dental caries, gingival and periodontal health3.

Keywords: Child; Mother; Oral Health

How to cite this article: Rani R, Shrikant K.- Does Mumma know everything ? Must know oral hygiene facts for every mother, PosterJ 2020; 9(1):16.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.038

Conflict of interest: None declared


15. POSTER

Gitika Sharma, Gopikrishnan Vijayakumar, Mala Kamboj, Anjali Narwal

Biodentistry: Mining the Mouth's Many Microbes

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Microorganisms are present in almost all environment, either useful or harmful to the host. Oral microbiome is an important part of the human microbiome, and is unique for its diversity. Oral flora is a continuously changing habitat for numerous species of bacteria. There is an intense interspecies competition to colonize and to form a biofilm structure. The mouth harbors more than 700 different types of micro-organisms. Recent biotechnological and microbiological techniques help to identify the extent, diversity and association of each microbe to the health and disease1.We are now in post-genomic era in which biotechnology; genomics, biomimetic and tissue engineering are the future of all health professions. Biomedical science and technology are the advancing front in the ongoing medical and dental research.Dentistry and Biotechnology now work hand in hand on researches pertaining to the most common microbial disease of the oral cavity, i.e. dental caries to the most dreaded, oral cancer. “Biodentistry”as it would be collectively termed include nanotechnology and nanomaterials, Biotechnology, Nanorobotics, Probiotics and caries vaccines, Tissue engineering, Biomimetic and many recent molecular diagnostic techniques like proteomics, genomics and sequencing methods2,3. By this poster an attempt will be made to elaborate the various contributions of biotechnological innovations in the advancement of dentistry and their applications.

Keywords: Biodentistry; Nanodiagnosis; Nanorobotics; Probiotics; Tissue Engineering

How to cite this article: Sharma G, Vijayakumar G, Kamboj M, Narwal A.- "BIODENTISTRY": Mining the Mouth's Many Microbes , PosterJ 2020; 9(1):15.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.037

Conflict of interest: None declared


14. POSTER

Gagana G.D, Vipin Jain, B.K.Srivastava, Shruthi Eshwar, Sudarshan Chinna

Silver diamine fluoride- The old new breakthrough therapy-A narrative review

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Aim & Objective: To evaluate the scientific evidence regarding the efficacy of diammine silver fluoride in dentistry.

Materials and Methods: A detailed data search was conducted on PubMed, Cochrane and a narrative review was done on the same.By applying the inclusion standard information was extracted and analyzed1-3.

Outcome: The most of literature suggests 38 percent of diammine silver fluoride helps to stop dental caries2, 3.80 percent as a root canal disinfection and also as a desensitizer3. No adverse effects of using silver diamide treatment reported.

Conclusion: Based on the literature search SDF is a relatively simple cost-effective painless for invasive conventional therapeutics strategies. The application of SDF carries greater importance among special needs children and children who are very young to undergo invasive caries therapeutic modalities

Keywords: SDF, Cost- effective, Painless,Therapeutic

How to cite this article: Gagana G.D, Jain V, Srivastava BK, Eshwar S, Chinna S.- Silver diamine fluoride- The old new breakthrough therapy-A narrative review , PosterJ 2020; 9(1):14.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.036

Conflict of interest: None declared


13. POSTER

Abhilash R Krishnan , Jayakrishnan U, Govind S L, Alaka Subodh

Harvest a drop & Reap the crop

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Saliva is a clear multi-constituent, slightly acidic complex biological fluid produced by the major and minor salivary glands. This oral fluid can detect diseases at early stages and does surveillance of general health and disease which has become an important tool in healthcare research and promotion1.A disease severity and its impact in a person’s life can be prevented when it’s diagnosed at the earlier stage. Such early diagnosis might also delay future complications. The advantages of salivary diagnostic tool are that it can be collected easily and non invasively without any discomfort to the patients as in case of invasive blood sample collection or urine collection which pose privacy issues. Salivary constituents might vary based on the salivary flow rate and the method in which they are collected. Salivary sample collection, storage and transport are inexpensive. Thus, it is a very cost-effective method as well as a easy to use screening method which only requires collection of smaller samples. Saliva can be easily stored and transported and has greater sensitivity similar to blood serum2. Salivary biomarkers are being used to develop technologies for screening of systemic conditions like metabolic disorders, autoimmune disease, viral infections, cancer, bacterial infections, and cardiovascular diseases3.

Keywords: Saliva, Diagnostic Tool, Biomarker, Screening

How to cite this article: Krishnan AR, Jayakrishnan U, Govind SL,Subodh A.- Harvest a drop & Reap the crop , PosterJ 2020; 9(1):13.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.035

Conflict of interest: None declared


12. POSTER

Alaka subodh ,Rekha P Shenoy, Praveen Jodalli, Laxminarayan Sonde, Imran Pasha M, Abhilash. R. Krishnan

Social capital + Public health dentist = Oral health promotion

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Robert Putnan was a political scientist who defined social capital “as features of social organisation such as trust, norms and networks that can improve the efficacy of society by facilitating coordinated actions”. Social capital is a community level determinant with its influence in economic growth and sustainable development1. Role of social capital on health is supported by growing evidence in literature. It is always concerned with increased social relations or networks which has a great influence on mental health, lower levels of mortality and morbidity2. Many oral diseases can be prevented if we are able to provide a supportive environment and accessibility for the people in the community. This in turn helps to attain optimal oral health3. There is an urgent need to prevent the occurrence of oral diseases by framing different public dental health approaches which will promote oral health in the community. This poster depicts a model showing the role of a public health dentist in utilizing this social capital for oral health promotion in a community. This shows the changing trends in work profile of a public health dentist to meet the demands and expectation of our profession.

Keywords: Social Capital, Health Promotion, Community Development ,

How to cite this article: Subodh A, Shenoy RP, Jodalli P, Sonde L, Pasha IM, Krishnan AR.- Social capital + Public health dentist = Oral health promotion , PosterJ 2020; 9(1):12.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.034

Conflict of interest: None declared


11. POSTER

Rohini Dua, Ripin Garewal, Annupriya Sikri, Palak Nayyar

Digital Rebellion – New Era Dentistry

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Digitized technologies have overwhelmed civilization with countless and stunning applications in unlimited aspects of life1. Digitized procedures have recently been linked with dental practice through computer-based technology which aids in accurate and early diagnosis and treatment planning. The invention of intraoral camera has made possible to improve diagnostic expertise as magnified oral conditions are better viewed and also motivates the patients for treatment planning and patient education. In recent years lasers have stormed into every aspect of life2. Digital applications are progressively increasing in dentistry and becoming essential tools in the field of education and research related to the clinical and dental practice. There are various digital applications like digital photographs, radiographs together with the use of virtual articulators or for the processing of restorations with the use of CAD/CAM technology. In the end, it can be concluded digital innovations have unquestionably disrupted dentistry3,4.

Keywords: Digital technologies, CAD/CAM, Virtual Articulators

How to cite this article: Dua R, Garewal R, Sikri A, Nayyar P.- Digital Rebellion – New Era Dentistry , PosterJ 2020; 9(1):11.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.033

Conflict of interest: None declared


10. POSTER

Ayesha Niyaz , Zohabhasan Sayyad

Age estimation using Cone beam computed tomography - Applications in Forensic Odontology

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is a new dental imaging modality that generates 3-D images which provides us more complex and accurate imaging technique when compared to the usual analog and digital radiographs1. Forensic odontology is a part of forensic medicine where in there is intervention of the dental expertise in the medico-legal cases by age estimation in unknown human cadavers which evidently help in solving the issue. Primarily, it involves identification of missing person of a deceased individual through a number of methods like morphological, radiological, biochemical, histological1. Radiographs play a very important role in this field which can help age estimation of an individual through hard tissue and soft tissue of the tooth, which marks a significant step in forensic identification process2. Thus, age estimation has become of prime importance in the field of Forensic odontology. CBCT being a noninvasive alternative imaging technique that has advantage over conventional radiographic methods, which provides us information of tooth dimensions in all surfaces simultaneously, this minimizes the magnification and distortional errors. It is becoming increasingly popular source of imaging in the present day in the field of Forensic odontology as it provides an option of 3-D reconstruction, cranial measurements, in visualization of cervical vertebra morphology and also in investigating the ante mortem data. In this poster presentation we present the different methods of age estimation using CBCT.

Keywords: Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Forensic Odontology, Age Estimation

How to cite this article: Niyaz A, Sayyad Z.- Age estimation using Cone beam computed tomography - Applications in Forensic Odontology , PosterJ 2020; 9(1):10.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.032

Conflict of interest: None declared


9. POSTER

Anila Krishna Saxena , Anil K Tomer , Artika Gupta

Regenerative Endodontics - Road to a realistic future

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Regenerative endodontics aims to restore vitality of the tooth by replacing pathological pulp with functional pulp tissue. It has been defined as “biologically based procedures designed to physiologically replace damaged tooth structures, including dentin and root structures, as well as cells of the pulp-dentin complex” in the Glossary of Endodontic Terms (2012)1. Regenerative procedures aim to repair pulp in an organized way and encompass many therapies that are continuously evolving in this field2. The triad of stem cells, growth factors and scaffolds form the fundamental basis for regeneration of pulp affected by trauma or infection3. Minimal canal instrumentation, antimicrobials and irrigants are used in conjunction with apically induced bleeding to form a blood clot that acts as a seal within the canal to promote healing4. Regeneration of tissues like resorbed root, damaged dentin and pulp like tissue i.e. pulp dentin complex are among the main objectives of regenerative endodontic procedures5. Root canal revascularization, pulp implantation, scaffold implantation, injectable scaffold delivery, postnatal stem cell therapy, gene therapy and 3D cell printing are the numerous approaches that come within the scope of regenerative endodontics1.

Keywords: Regenerative Endodontics; Stem Cells; Scaffolds

How to cite this article: Saxena A.K, Tomer A.K, Gupta A.- Regenerative Endodontics - Road to a realistic future, PosterJ 2020; 9(1):9.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.031

Conflict of interest: None declared


8. POSTER

Ghousia S ,Nyer Firdoose C S

Understanding the 'Mis - understood'. An Enigma called AUTISM

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
It is not very often do we as experienced clinicians realize that no matter what our level of experience is, every child is completely unique and oftentimes, these children have immense potential to teach us something different everyday1.There is fierce dearth of available literature or knowledge per se amongst dental surgeons to render services to the children with Autism, neither is much effort taken for the same for the oral health services of children with Autism by the parents, Special Educators, Therapists. The basic reason could be due to the sensory and behavioral issues being prioritized and the lack of any sort of awareness in hygiene measures or diet counseling putting this utmost important domain of health in the backseat. This poster aims to illustrate few of the means by which complete oral health in these children can also be accomplished.

Keywords: Facial Oro-Tract Therapy; Oral Placement Therapy; Oro-Motor Exercises, Therapeutic Dental Clowning; Wilbarger’s Oral Tactile Technique

How to cite this article: Ghousia S, Nyer Firdoose C.S.- Understanding the ‘Misunderstood’. An Enigma called AUTISM, PosterJ 2020; 9(1):8.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.030

Conflict of interest: None declared


7. POSTER

Sakshi Joshi ,Snigdha Gupta, Anjulata Kalpathy Gopinath , Shalini Garg, Anil Gupta

Anomaly of tooth form in young permanent incisor- An advanced diagnostic approach

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
Introduction - Anomalies of tooth form present as a diagnostic dilemma in newly erupted permanent teeth. The uncertainty of pathology can lead to formulation of a wrong and aggressive treatment plan. Dens invaginatus is one such developmental anomaly which results due to invagination into the tooth crown surface before occurrence of calcification1, and is frequently misdiagnosed. The newer diagnostic aids such as CBCT can provide a correct diagnosis in such cases and help in formulating a minimally invasive treatment plan2. This report highlights successful and minimally invasive treatment provided utilizing 3D radiographic aid.

Keywords: Developmental Anomalies, Dens Invaginatus, CBCT, Biodentine

How to cite this article: Joshi S, Gupta S, Gopinath AK , Garg S, Gupta A.- Anomaly of tooth form in young permanent incisor- An advanced diagnostic approach PosterJ 2020; 9(1):7.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.029

Conflict of interest: None declared


6. POSTER

Neha Thilak ,Subhathira Rajasekaran, Sham S Bhat , Sundeep Hegde K, Vidya Bhat

Baby’s smile, mom’s happiness

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
A healthy-women during the period of conception has higher chances of a successful delivery and a healthy child1.At the time of maternity, the mother’s oral health has a direct relationship to the birth outcome and simultaneously, the infant’s oral health. Gingival and periodontal diseases are the most commonly observed diseases found in mothers who neglect their dental hygiene. These conditions, if left untreated in the mother have significant implications on the infant which comprises of preterm birth, preeclampsia and delivery of low-birth weight babies2.

Keywords: Child; Mother; Oral Health; Nutrition; Awareness

How to cite this article: Thilak N, Rajasekaran S, Bhat SS, Hegde KS, Bhat V.- Baby’s smile, mom’s happiness PosterJ 2020; 9(1):6.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.028

Conflict of interest: None declared


5. POSTER

Elham Hazeim Abdulkareem

Coronavirus COVID-19

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2


Commentary:

Corona-virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly nationwide1 and can have an enormous public health impact with economic and societal disruption. Corona-viruses are stranded RNA viruses. It is zoonotic evolved into a strain that can infect human beings and leading to death2. The clinical signs and symptoms of COVID-19 range from no symptoms (asymptomatic) to fever, cough, dyspnea, myalgia or fatigue with symptoms of sore throat, and severe pneumonia. There are no therapeutics and vaccines available. The great majority of the most severe illnesses and deaths had occurred among the elderly and those with other underlying chronic systematic conditions3. Up today, the virus has killed more than 3,300 people4. There are now more than 95,000 cases around the world, with infections in more than 80 countries4. To protect yourself and others by5-8

  • Wash your hands, between your fingers and under nails with water and soap for 20 seconds.
  • Used tissue when you cough or sneeze and dispose the tissue in the waste bin.
  • Don't touch your mouth, nose, nails, or eyes with unwashed hands.
  • Clean and disinfect touched surfaces and objects with wipe.
  • Do not share items that come into contact with your mouth such as cups & bottles.
  • Maintain at least 1 meter distance between yourself and others who is coughing or sneezing.
  • If unwell do not share items such as dishes, pencils & towels.
  • Stay Home if you have a fever, cough and breathing difficult and seek medical attention.
  • Stay away from public places.


  • Keywords: Coronavirus; 2019-nCoV; novel-coronavirus; Coronavirus Infections, Pneumonia, Viral

    How to cite this article: Elham Hazeim Abdulkareem.- Coronavirus COVID-19 PosterJ 2020; 9(1):5.

    Source of support: Nil.

    DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.027

    Conflict of interest: None declared


    4. POSTER

    Subhathira Rajasekaran, Sham S Bhat, Sundeep Hegde K, Vidya Bhat

    Joining hands to nurture healthy smiles

    Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2


    Commentary:

    Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is a prevailing disease commonly seen in children younger than 5 years of age. There is a lack of vision on defining the problem, prevention and management strategies to be applied in the dental community1. Nurses working in the newborn nursery, ambulatory care clinics, private offices, public health, and community programs are in a distinct position to bring about a beneficial change in the recent epidemic status of ECC. These changes can be accomplished by providing comprehensive oral health education with routine anticipatory guidance for parents. Parents are provided with the fundamental instructions regarding the feeding practices, bathing, care of the umbilical cord, recognition of signs of illness in newborns by the nurses regularly. A model set to provide knowledge and awareness about oral health care to the parents is the newborn nursery2.

    Nurses are in a notable position to positively reinforce the importance of oral health status to both the parents and the children. They provide assistance in acquiring access to prophylactic oral health care, specifically in low socio-economic populations3. Nurses who have the expertise of working in maternity and pediatric wards are in a favorable position to counsel the mothers expecting children on the child’s oral hygiene requirements on a regular basis. Therefore, they have a crucial role in recognizing at-risk mothers or children during oral screening ensuring referral to pediatric dentists for dental treatment4.

    Despite having knowledge about the importance of oral health prevention by nurses, they were oblivious of the guidelines required professionally for incorporating oral health in pediatric practices. Collaboration with dental schools and community services would provide a broader idea regarding oral health preventive measures. When administrative supports and policies have been followed, inter- professional collaboration is possible between health care teams. This would bring forth a unique platform allowing the child’s oral health status to be monitored closely while providing a base for early interventions in the form of fluoride applications and early referrals to the dentist5. The pediatrician's involvement along with the nurses would hold more weight to the parents for their child's first appointment with a pediatric dentist as they already trust them. Therefore, a multidisciplinary approach involving the nurse, pediatrician and pediatric dentist would play a pivotal role in maintaining good oral hygiene of children.

    Keywords: Early Childhood Caries; Child Oral Health ; Dental Treatment

    How to cite this article: Rajasekaran S, Bhat SS, Hegde KS, Bhat V.- Joining hands to nurture healthy smiles PosterJ 2020; 9(1):4.

    Source of support: Nil.

    DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.026

    Conflict of interest: None declared


    3. POSTER

    Amanpreet Kaur Saini, Shikha Tewari

    Closed surgical approach for palatally displaced maxillary permanent canine along with open flap debridement in chronic periodontitis patient- A case report

    Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2


    Commentary:

    INTRODUCTION- Canine plays an important role in dentofacial esthetics, development of arch and functional occlusion1. Maxillary canines are the most commonly impacted teeth as they develop deep within the maxilla and have the longest path of eruption. Surgical exposure of impacted canine can be performed in three ways- gingivectomy, apically repositioning the raised flap overlying the impacted tooth and closed- eruption technique2.

    CASE REPORT- A 25- year male, systemically healthy, nonsmoker patient with generalized chronic periodontitis was treated. Oral examination revealed gingival inflammation, bleeding on probing and a palatal bulge in the canine region. Maxillary canine was located palatally with its cusp tip adjacent to cervical one-third of root of central incisor and at 3mm distance from incisive foramen as observed on CBCT (cone beam computerized tomography) view.

    Papilla preservation flap technique was used to raise full thickness mucoperiosteal flap. Meticulous debridement and root planning was carried out using Gracey curettes and scalers. Bone loss was seen in the anterior region. On the palatal side, for the exposure of impacted canine, piezo surgical tips no-US1L and R were used for the removal of some cortical bone, keeping in mind the position of incisive foramen. Orthodontic button and ligature wire were placed with the help of bonding agent. Flap was repositioned with interrupted suture.

    DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION- Atraumatic surgical technique and orthodontic treatment permit the traction of impacted canines to the alveolar crest, thus facilitating a physiological eruption pattern.

    Keywords: Dentofacial Esthetics; Maxillary Canine ; Open Flap Debridement, Chronic Periodontitis Patient

    How to cite this article: Saini AK, Tewari S,- Closed surgical approach for palatally displaced maxillary permanent canine along with open flap debridement in chronic periodontitis patient- A case report PosterJ 2020; 9(1):3.

    Source of support: Nil.

    DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.025

    Conflict of interest: None declared


    2. POSTER

    Aarya Gore, Srishti Pandey, Surbhi Patel, Meenal Gulve

    Antibacterial nanoparticles: A new horizon

    Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2


    Commentary:

    A massive hardship in endodontic treatment is the failure to eliminate bacterial biofilms during cleaning and shaping procedures, enduring within the anatomic intricacies and unreached areas of the canal1. Rapid development of nanotechnology in the field science and technology, is creating numerous biomedical applications like drug delivery, tissue regeneration, anti-microbial application2. Nano-dentistry implies to the application of nanomaterials for the diagnosis of oral ailment, treatment of the same with the aim of enhancing extensive oral health3.

    Antibacterial nanoparticles have been pioneered at primitive levels with significant potential for eradication of oral biofilms. The efficacy of nanoparticles to eradicate microorganisms is ascribed to different mechanisms. First mechanism being attachment of nanoparticles to the targeted cell membrane of bacteria through electrostatic forces causing the alteration of membrane potential, depolarization leading to loss of membrane integrity. The second mechanism includes bacterial cell death by the production of free radicals like reactive-oxygen species it influences the bacterial cell endurance by protein function blockage, destruction of DNA this results in excess radical production. This leads to the bacterial cell death4.

    It is anticipated that nanotechnology will improve healthcare with the development of novel methods for disease diagnosis and it's prevention5. Enhancement of antibacterial efficacy in endodontics is the potential of nanoparticle based strategies6. Thus, this poster reviews antibacterial nanoparticles in endodontics, as the promising future in development of better techniques to achieve efficient disinfection.

    Keywords: Antibacterial; Bioactive Glass; Chitosan; Nanodentistry; Nanoparticles; Silver

    How to cite this article: Gore A, Pandey S, Patel S, Gulve M. Antibacterial nanoparticles: A new horizon-Dent PosterJ 2020; 9(1):2.

    Source of support: Nil.

    DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.024

    Conflict of interest: None declared


    1. POSTER

    Ganganna Kokila, Jayanna Vinayaka Bharateesh , Saibaba Mahalakshmi, Hariyabbe Rangaswamy Likhithaswamy

    Circulating tumour cells in oral squamous cell carcinoma

    Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:2



    Commentary:
    Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) has got poor survival rate when associated with lymph node involvement and metastasis. In spite of advanced methods of treatment, mortality rate of OSCC is high1-3. The mortality of OSCC is the reflection of metastasis, which complicates the management of a case. Metastasis is the process of dissemination of tumour cells through the circulation which finally get deposited and proliferate to form secondary tumours at a distant site4,5. Hence, this intermediate step of tumour cells getting into circulation is an important preliminary step of metastasis. So, early detection and characterization of these Circulating Tumour Cells (CTCs) can be important as a broad-spectrum strategy to monitor, prevent development and manifestation of metastatic disease there by improving the prognosis2,6,7. This review aims at understanding the mechanism of CTC, role of detecting CTC in improving prognosis of OSCC, and to understand the recent advances and application of CTC in OSCC.

    Keywords: Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma ; Circulating Tumour Cells; Metastasis

    How to cite this article: Kokila G, Bharateesh JV, Mahalakshmi S, Likhithaswamy HR. Circulating tumour cells in oral squamous cell carcinoma-Dent PosterJ 2020; 9(1):1.

    Source of support: Nil.

    DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.023

    Conflict of interest: None declared