Dental Poster Journal

Current Issue (Vol 8, NO. 2, Jul-Dec 2019 Issue)

1. POSTER

Visale T, Swajanya SV, Shanmugapriya

Is mental health a threat to oral health?

Year:2019 | Month:Jul-Dec | Volume:8 | Number:2 | Pages No:2



2. POSTER

Manjushri Waingade, Pooja Rathod, Daya K Jangam

Colposcopy- A direct oral microscopy “Seeing the Unseen”

Year:2019 | Month:Jul-Dec | Volume:8 | Number:2 | Pages No:2



3. POSTER

Hysum Mushtaq, Tony Jose, Anil K Tomer

Tissue engineering: A new era in dentistry

Year:2019 | Month:Jul-Dec | Volume:8 | Number:2 | Pages No:2



4. POSTER

Rohini Dua, Ripin Garewal, Annupriya Sikri, Palak Nayyar

Smile for desserts – “Augmented reality makes it possible"

Year:2019 | Month:Jul-Dec | Volume:8 | Number:2 | Pages No:2



5. POSTER

Subhathira Rajasekaran, Sham S Bhat, Sundeep Hegde K, Shailesh Shenoy, Vidya Bhat

Healthy mouth is the seed we sow, for our body to glow!

Year:2019 | Month:Jul-Dec | Volume:8 | Number:2 | Pages No:2



6. POSTER

Akhil Girdhar, Mala Kamboj, Anju Devi, Rahul Anand

A ‘mark’ left unaccounted is the ‘mark’ that never occurred

Year:2019 | Month:Jul-Dec | Volume:8 | Number:2 | Pages No:1



7. POSTER

R. Keerthika ,Anju Devi, Mala Kamboj

A picture is worth a thousand words-photo-documentation in child abuse

Year:2019 | Month:Jul-Dec | Volume:8 | Number:2 | Pages No:1



8. POSTER

Bhumika Gumber, Subramony B

Crown lengthening procedure in the aesthetic zone

Year:2019 | Month:Jul-Dec | Volume:8 | Number:2 | Pages No:1



Commentary:
Introduction: Crown lengthening is a surgical procedure designed to increase the extent of supragingival tooth structure for restorative or aesthetic purposes by apically positioning the gingival margin, removing supporting bone, or both1.
A recent report by American Academy of Periodontology concluded that approximately 10% of all periodontal surgeries are done to achieve an increase in clinical crown length.The concept of biologic width, the width of the attached gingiva, periodontal phenotype play a significant role in the stability of periodontium and restoration.

Objective: To focus on the vital aspects of the surgical phase in the crown-lengthening procedure in the aesthetic zone.

Methodology: The role of factors influencing the stability of result along with post crown lengthening periodontal health such as biologic width with reference to tissue biotype is discussed in the poster.

Result: Biologic width may vary from 1.80 to 6.20mm2 and accordingly the surgical procedure may be modified for a healthy periodontium.

Conclusion: Flat and thick biotype exhibit greater biologic width than thin scalloped biotype. When planning crown lengthening, periodontal biotype plays a significant role

Keywords: Crown lengthening; Surgical procedure; Gingival biotype; Aesthetics

How to cite this article: Gumber B, Subramony B, - Crown lengthening procedure in the aesthetic zone- Dent PosterJ2019;8(2):8

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None declared


9. POSTER

Aarya Gore, Surbhi Patel, Meenal Gulve

Bacteriophage therapy A possible new alternative for antibiotics

Year:2019 | Month:Jul-Dec | Volume:8 | Number:2 | Pages No:2



Commentary:
Antibiotics which can also be called “the magic bullets”, have manifested to be the most neoteric innovation of the last century. However, the injudicious use of antibiotics for various infections along with patient’s in compliance to follow the prescribed dosage had led to an increase in the development of resistance1,2. Antibiotic resistance is the expanding hurdle that needs to be faced by dentists along with all other health care professionals. Therefore, the development of an eminently efficient regimen was observed to be essential. Enterococcus faecalis is an endodontic pathogen which has proven to be strenuous to get rid of the reason being it’s recalcitrant in nature, it is also observed to be the culprit for recurrent endodontic infections. The use of bacteriophages can be an effective regime against such recurrent infections. This therapy has shown to be supremely useful to kill multi drug-resistantbacteria and their biofilms. Phage therapy has numerous advantages like specificity, genetic mutations and they are easy to isolate from oral cavity3,4.
One more advantage of phages is its multiplication in correlation with bacteria which makes its use a single shot5. The multiplication of phages is bacteria dependent, they shed off after the complete eradication of the bacteria6. The use of phage therapy against E. Faecalis is not quite explored. The isolation and identification of lytic bacteriophages to oral pathogens could be considered as an approach towards phage therapy of dental plaque and biofilms. Hence this poster reviews the scope in the development of bacteriophage therapy against biofilms.

Keywords: Bacterial Infections/therapy; Bacteriophages; Drug Resistance.

How to cite this article: GoreA,Patel S,Gulve M. Bacteriophage therapy: A possible new alternative for antibiotics -Dent PosterJ 2019; 8(2):9.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None declared.


10. POSTER

N Shivakumar, Anjali Narwal, Mala Kamboj, Anju Devi

Unveiling the role of tumor micro-environment

Year:2019 | Month:Jul-Dec | Volume:8 | Number:2 | Pages No:2



Commentary:
“Tumor micro-environment” plays a crucial role in the progression of cancer, neoplastic cell proliferation and spread of the tumor to the adjacent tissues1. The tumor cells residing in the tumor micro-environment release certain cytokines and reprogram the adjacent normal cells to produce numerous growth factors and other cytokines and thereby leads to the growth of tumor cells, metastasis, tissue invasion which subsequently contributes for poor prognosis. The tumor micro-environment consists of cancer cells as well as stromal cells namely fibroblasts, endothelial cells, pericytes and immune cells2. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) are most important among the stromal cells, which has a key role in the prognosis of neoplasm. Depending on the stimulus, the TAM gets polarized into M1 (pro-inflammatory and anti-tumor) or M2 (pro-tumor and anti-inflammatory) subtypes3. the presence of interferon-gamma polarizes TAM into M1subtype and M2 macrophage polarization is stimulated in the presence of IL-4, IL-10, IL-13, or TGF4. There has been an established role of M1 and M2 subtypes in the prognosis as well as the specific treatment procedures of oral squamous cell carcinoma, as the increased level of M2 is suggestive of poor prognosis, high recurrence rate and also metastasis of the primary tumor into the regional draining lymph node5.This poster discusses the presence and application of TAM in the field of cancerization and their role in prognosis.

Keywords: Tumor-associated macrophages; Tumor microenvironment; Tumor progression

How to cite this article: Shivakumar N,Narwal A,Kamboj M,Devi A. Unveiling the role of tumor micro- environment -Dent PosterJ 2019; 8(2):10.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None declared.


11. POSTER

Gitika Sharma, Mala Kamboj, Anjali Narwal

Flavonoids- New flavor in the treatment of oral cancer

Year:2019 | Month:Jul-Dec | Volume:8 | Number:2 | Pages No:1



Commentary:
Oral Squamous cell carcinoma is considered to be a relatively common head and neck malignancy. Lymph node metastasis and locoregional invasion are prime factors determining prognosis1. Chemoprevention with natural herbal substances is an upcoming approach for cancer prevention2. Flavonoids are natural polyphenolic compounds capable of potentially suppressing the malignant transformation3.Flavonoids have been proven as effective chemotherapeutic agents, inhibiting tumor growth by inducing cancer cell apoptosis mediated primarily by their antioxidative properties4. In addition, flavonoids have shown to affect drug transport, cyclin-dependent cell cycle regulation, protein glycosylation regulation, and modulate platelet function5. In the present poster, an attempt is made to elaborate on the natural chemotherapeutic modalities available.

Keywords: Antioxidative; Apoptosis; Anticancer; Chemoprevention; Flavonoids; Squamous cell carcinoma.

How to cite this article: Sharma G, Kamboj M,Narwal A - Flavonoids- New flavor in the treatment of oral cancer- Dent PosterJ2019;8(2):11

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None declared


12. POSTER

Deepty Bansal, Mala Kamboj, Anjali Narwal, Anju Devi

Oral microflora and contemporary procedures for their isolation

Year:2019 | Month:Jul-Dec | Volume:8 | Number:2 | Pages No:2



Commentary:
The oral cavity represents a huge residential place hosting the interactions between numerous microorganisms. One byproduct of such microbial interactions is oral biofilms. The oral microbiome is the collective genome of micro-organisms that reside in the oral cavity. The human microbiome is used to describe and characterize the understanding of health and systemic disease based on microbial communities. Based on evolutionary genetics, such a form of life is categorized into three domains bacteria, archaea and eukarya1. The mouth harbors more than 700 species of micro-organisms. Koch’s postulates unprecedently followed by a microbiologist for a long period of time uses the reduction tactic in order to determine a causal association between a micro-organism and a disease entity2. The inadequacy of reductionism strained the microbiologist to grip new concepts such as interspecies interaction, microbial community, biofilm polymicrobial disease etc3. Techniques used to isolate the micro-organisms involve culture-based identification, direct microscopy, immunological tests, metagenomics detection of the oral microbiome. Different species of micro-organisms can be determined by nucleic acid sequence data analysis. The latest pyrosequencing, based methods have provided further insight into the extent of bacterial density in oral niches4. Progressive research in the field of microbiology had led to the development of novel tools such as metagenomics: the solicitation of contemporary genomics technique to study the communities of microbial organisms straightly in a natural environment, bypassing the prerequisite for segregation and lab cultivation of individual species5. Future research based on innovative tools such as metagenomics could provide further insight into the intriguing world of oral microbial pathogenesis. This poster is an attempt to summarize the modern techniques used for bacterial isolation.

Keywords: Oral microflora, Microbiome, Isolation, Procedure

How to cite this article: Bansal D,Kamboj M,Narwal A,Devi A.Oral microflora and contemporary procedures for their isolation-Dent PosterJ 2019; 8(2):12.

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None declared