Dental Poster Journal

Current Issue (Vol 9, NO. 1, Jan-June 2020 Issue)

6. POSTER

Neha Thilak ,Subhathira Rajasekaran, Sham S Bhat , Sundeep Hegde K, Vidya Bhat

Baby’s smile, mom’s happiness

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2



Commentary:
A healthy-women during the period of conception has higher chances of a successful delivery and a healthy child1.At the time of maternity, the mother’s oral health has a direct relationship to the birth outcome and simultaneously, the infant’s oral health. Gingival and periodontal diseases are the most commonly observed diseases found in mothers who neglect their dental hygiene. These conditions, if left untreated in the mother have significant implications on the infant which comprises of preterm birth, preeclampsia and delivery of low-birth weight babies2.

Keywords: Child; Mother; Oral Health; Nutrition; Awareness

How to cite this article: Thilak N, Rajasekaran S, Bhat SS, Hegde KS, Bhat V.- Baby’s smile, mom’s happiness PosterJ 2020; 9(1):6.

Source of support: Nil.

DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.028

Conflict of interest: None declared


5. POSTER

Elham Hazeim Abdulkareem

Coronavirus COVID-19

Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2


Commentary:

Corona-virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly nationwide1 and can have an enormous public health impact with economic and societal disruption. Corona-viruses are stranded RNA viruses. It is zoonotic evolved into a strain that can infect human beings and leading to death2. The clinical signs and symptoms of COVID-19 range from no symptoms (asymptomatic) to fever, cough, dyspnea, myalgia or fatigue with symptoms of sore throat, and severe pneumonia. There are no therapeutics and vaccines available. The great majority of the most severe illnesses and deaths had occurred among the elderly and those with other underlying chronic systematic conditions3. Up today, the virus has killed more than 3,300 people4. There are now more than 95,000 cases around the world, with infections in more than 80 countries4. To protect yourself and others by5-8

  • Wash your hands, between your fingers and under nails with water and soap for 20 seconds.
  • Used tissue when you cough or sneeze and dispose the tissue in the waste bin.
  • Don't touch your mouth, nose, nails, or eyes with unwashed hands.
  • Clean and disinfect touched surfaces and objects with wipe.
  • Do not share items that come into contact with your mouth such as cups & bottles.
  • Maintain at least 1 meter distance between yourself and others who is coughing or sneezing.
  • If unwell do not share items such as dishes, pencils & towels.
  • Stay Home if you have a fever, cough and breathing difficult and seek medical attention.
  • Stay away from public places.


  • Keywords: Coronavirus; 2019-nCoV; novel-coronavirus; Coronavirus Infections, Pneumonia, Viral

    How to cite this article: Elham Hazeim Abdulkareem.- Coronavirus COVID-19 PosterJ 2020; 9(1):5.

    Source of support: Nil.

    DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.027

    Conflict of interest: None declared


    4. POSTER

    Subhathira Rajasekaran, Sham S Bhat, Sundeep Hegde K, Vidya Bhat

    Joining hands to nurture healthy smiles

    Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2


    Commentary:

    Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is a prevailing disease commonly seen in children younger than 5 years of age. There is a lack of vision on defining the problem, prevention and management strategies to be applied in the dental community1. Nurses working in the newborn nursery, ambulatory care clinics, private offices, public health, and community programs are in a distinct position to bring about a beneficial change in the recent epidemic status of ECC. These changes can be accomplished by providing comprehensive oral health education with routine anticipatory guidance for parents. Parents are provided with the fundamental instructions regarding the feeding practices, bathing, care of the umbilical cord, recognition of signs of illness in newborns by the nurses regularly. A model set to provide knowledge and awareness about oral health care to the parents is the newborn nursery2.

    Nurses are in a notable position to positively reinforce the importance of oral health status to both the parents and the children. They provide assistance in acquiring access to prophylactic oral health care, specifically in low socio-economic populations3. Nurses who have the expertise of working in maternity and pediatric wards are in a favorable position to counsel the mothers expecting children on the child’s oral hygiene requirements on a regular basis. Therefore, they have a crucial role in recognizing at-risk mothers or children during oral screening ensuring referral to pediatric dentists for dental treatment4.

    Despite having knowledge about the importance of oral health prevention by nurses, they were oblivious of the guidelines required professionally for incorporating oral health in pediatric practices. Collaboration with dental schools and community services would provide a broader idea regarding oral health preventive measures. When administrative supports and policies have been followed, inter- professional collaboration is possible between health care teams. This would bring forth a unique platform allowing the child’s oral health status to be monitored closely while providing a base for early interventions in the form of fluoride applications and early referrals to the dentist5. The pediatrician's involvement along with the nurses would hold more weight to the parents for their child's first appointment with a pediatric dentist as they already trust them. Therefore, a multidisciplinary approach involving the nurse, pediatrician and pediatric dentist would play a pivotal role in maintaining good oral hygiene of children.

    Keywords: Early Childhood Caries; Child Oral Health ; Dental Treatment

    How to cite this article: Rajasekaran S, Bhat SS, Hegde KS, Bhat V.- Joining hands to nurture healthy smiles PosterJ 2020; 9(1):4.

    Source of support: Nil.

    DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.026

    Conflict of interest: None declared


    3. POSTER

    Amanpreet Kaur Saini, Shikha Tewari

    Closed surgical approach for palatally displaced maxillary permanent canine along with open flap debridement in chronic periodontitis patient- A case report

    Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2


    Commentary:

    INTRODUCTION- Canine plays an important role in dentofacial esthetics, development of arch and functional occlusion1. Maxillary canines are the most commonly impacted teeth as they develop deep within the maxilla and have the longest path of eruption. Surgical exposure of impacted canine can be performed in three ways- gingivectomy, apically repositioning the raised flap overlying the impacted tooth and closed- eruption technique2.

    CASE REPORT- A 25- year male, systemically healthy, nonsmoker patient with generalized chronic periodontitis was treated. Oral examination revealed gingival inflammation, bleeding on probing and a palatal bulge in the canine region. Maxillary canine was located palatally with its cusp tip adjacent to cervical one-third of root of central incisor and at 3mm distance from incisive foramen as observed on CBCT (cone beam computerized tomography) view.

    Papilla preservation flap technique was used to raise full thickness mucoperiosteal flap. Meticulous debridement and root planning was carried out using Gracey curettes and scalers. Bone loss was seen in the anterior region. On the palatal side, for the exposure of impacted canine, piezo surgical tips no-US1L and R were used for the removal of some cortical bone, keeping in mind the position of incisive foramen. Orthodontic button and ligature wire were placed with the help of bonding agent. Flap was repositioned with interrupted suture.

    DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION- Atraumatic surgical technique and orthodontic treatment permit the traction of impacted canines to the alveolar crest, thus facilitating a physiological eruption pattern.

    Keywords: Dentofacial Esthetics; Maxillary Canine ; Open Flap Debridement, Chronic Periodontitis Patient

    How to cite this article: Saini AK, Tewari S,- Closed surgical approach for palatally displaced maxillary permanent canine along with open flap debridement in chronic periodontitis patient- A case report PosterJ 2020; 9(1):3.

    Source of support: Nil.

    DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.025

    Conflict of interest: None declared


    2. POSTER

    Aarya Gore, Srishti Pandey, Surbhi Patel, Meenal Gulve

    Antibacterial nanoparticles: A new horizon

    Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2


    Commentary:

    A massive hardship in endodontic treatment is the failure to eliminate bacterial biofilms during cleaning and shaping procedures, enduring within the anatomic intricacies and unreached areas of the canal1. Rapid development of nanotechnology in the field science and technology, is creating numerous biomedical applications like drug delivery, tissue regeneration, anti-microbial application2. Nano-dentistry implies to the application of nanomaterials for the diagnosis of oral ailment, treatment of the same with the aim of enhancing extensive oral health3.

    Antibacterial nanoparticles have been pioneered at primitive levels with significant potential for eradication of oral biofilms. The efficacy of nanoparticles to eradicate microorganisms is ascribed to different mechanisms. First mechanism being attachment of nanoparticles to the targeted cell membrane of bacteria through electrostatic forces causing the alteration of membrane potential, depolarization leading to loss of membrane integrity. The second mechanism includes bacterial cell death by the production of free radicals like reactive-oxygen species it influences the bacterial cell endurance by protein function blockage, destruction of DNA this results in excess radical production. This leads to the bacterial cell death4.

    It is anticipated that nanotechnology will improve healthcare with the development of novel methods for disease diagnosis and it's prevention5. Enhancement of antibacterial efficacy in endodontics is the potential of nanoparticle based strategies6. Thus, this poster reviews antibacterial nanoparticles in endodontics, as the promising future in development of better techniques to achieve efficient disinfection.

    Keywords: Antibacterial; Bioactive Glass; Chitosan; Nanodentistry; Nanoparticles; Silver

    How to cite this article: Gore A, Pandey S, Patel S, Gulve M. Antibacterial nanoparticles: A new horizon-Dent PosterJ 2020; 9(1):2.

    Source of support: Nil.

    DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.024

    Conflict of interest: None declared


    1. POSTER

    Ganganna Kokila, Jayanna Vinayaka Bharateesh , Saibaba Mahalakshmi, Hariyabbe Rangaswamy Likhithaswamy

    Circulating tumour cells in oral squamous cell carcinoma

    Year:2020 | Month:Jan-June | Volume:9 | Number:1 | Pages No:2



    Commentary:
    Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) has got poor survival rate when associated with lymph node involvement and metastasis. In spite of advanced methods of treatment, mortality rate of OSCC is high1-3. The mortality of OSCC is the reflection of metastasis, which complicates the management of a case. Metastasis is the process of dissemination of tumour cells through the circulation which finally get deposited and proliferate to form secondary tumours at a distant site4,5. Hence, this intermediate step of tumour cells getting into circulation is an important preliminary step of metastasis. So, early detection and characterization of these Circulating Tumour Cells (CTCs) can be important as a broad-spectrum strategy to monitor, prevent development and manifestation of metastatic disease there by improving the prognosis2,6,7. This review aims at understanding the mechanism of CTC, role of detecting CTC in improving prognosis of OSCC, and to understand the recent advances and application of CTC in OSCC.

    Keywords: Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma ; Circulating Tumour Cells; Metastasis

    How to cite this article: Kokila G, Bharateesh JV, Mahalakshmi S, Likhithaswamy HR. Circulating tumour cells in oral squamous cell carcinoma-Dent PosterJ 2020; 9(1):1.

    Source of support: Nil.

    DOI: 10.15713/ins.dpj.023

    Conflict of interest: None declared